It happens to children by mistake; adults sometimes do it on purpose

“Surgeons are exposed to a heavy workload that leads to exhaustion and stress. This not only increases the likelihood of making mistakes during the operation, but also puts pressure on the surgeon to use drugs to combat fatigue, anxiety, poor concentration, burnout or depressive symptoms, ”the authors of the study write. A statement about whether the doctors take these agents before or during an operation could not be derived from the investigation.

Legal and illegal drugs to improve performance

The study participants were asked about substances that “were taken without medical necessity specifically to increase their own mental performance and not for pleasure reasons. Prescription drugs included stimulant drugs such as methylphenidate, modafinil, and anti-dementia drugs. In contrast, stimulants such as coffee, energy drinks and caffeine pills were mentioned among the freely available stimulants. The illegal substances listed included cocaine, ecstasy, speed and similar drugs. However, the study does not provide any information about the proportions to which the study participants consumed the drugs listed.

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The consumption of addictive substances is increasing across the population

But it is not only surgeons who are increasingly consuming performance-enhancing products to arm themselves against stress and demands at work. An AOK study recently showed that more and more Germans are getting sick as a result of taking addictive substances such as nicotine, alcohol and cocaine – in the past ten years by around 17 percent according to the “Absenteeism Report 2013”. In 2002 there were still 2.07 million days of absence registered in this connection, in 2012 it was 2.42 million.

Brazilian police arrested a parrot during a drug raid. It belongs to dealers who trained the animal in a special way – and warned them of certain visitors. 

Police arrested a parrot during a raid on drug dealers in northern Brazil. The bird had been trained by its keepers to warn of the police. The moment the animal saw the police, it would have started “Mum, the police!” (“Mama, the police!”), Reports the English newspaper The Guardian.

There has been silence since the arrest

The parrot, whose name is unknown, must have been specially trained for the case of a drug raid, says a police officer who was involved in the raid. He was confiscated on site from a couple who apparently ran a drug lab. A Brazilian reporter who was able to inspect the animal added that the parrot has not opened its beak since it was arrested. “A lot of police officers came by, but he said nothing more,” says veterinarian Alexandre Clark.  

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 The parrot was taken to the zoo by police, where it will learn to fly again over the next three months before it is released. In Brazil, animals are repeatedly confiscated during drug raids. Mostly, however, these are reptiles. 

Sources used: The Guardian

It happens again and again that objects are swallowed. It happens to children by mistake; adults sometimes do it on purpose. A doctor from Bielefeld presented the most unusual swallowed objects of his career.

When you see what the physician Siegfried Ernst Miederer has already discovered in the stomachs of his patients, you cannot stop being amazed. The collection of the former internist ranges from five-mark pieces to razor blades and spoon parts. The finds are exhibited in the Bonn branch of the Deutsches Museum.

Swallow spoons out of boredom

“A man swallowed the many spoon handles. He was an inmate of a correctional facility near Bonn and hoped for a change from everyday prison life.” Bodice points to a number of metal stems. The “poor swallower”, as the 74-year-old retired doctor calls him with a smile, broke off the front part of the spoon in order to get the ten centimeters long remainder of the cutlery better through the esophagus.

“That took at least two weeks of hospitalization. He got out of prison and was able to enjoy the care of the nurses.” After the prison inmate had been operated on more than 20 times, Miederer offered to remove the objects through the esophagus with an endoscope – and with this prospect put an end to the dubious excursions to freedom. Miederer kept and collected the spoon handles. They almost look like a trophy collection when he presents them on a tray, lined up next to rollmop skewers, buttons and keys.

The internist Siegfried Miederer removed these objects from the stomachs of patients. (Source: dpa)

“Stomach Finds” in the museum

The collection also stands for a chapter in the history of medicine: the idea of ​​looking a patient in the stomach with a long tube already existed in the mid-19th century. Since then, research has continued until the first flexible endoscope was finally presented in 1958. Soon after, it allowed Miederer to bring swallowed objects back to the surface without surgery.

Miederer later worked at the Medical Polyclinic of the University of Bonn on the development of the first disinfection device for flexible endoscopes. Today is also exhibited in the museum – alongside the “stomach finds” from the Miederer collection.

Miederer shows his collection. (Source: dpa)

Between disgust and amazement

“They are among our particularly well-received exhibits. Again and again visitors stand in front of them and are amazed that whole spoons and even a dentist’s drill can be swallowed,” explains museum director Andrea Niehaus. The museum uses the sensational character between disgust and amazement to draw attention to the history of endoscopy, which is illustrated with early endoscopes from the 1950s.

Safety pins, knives and even dental drills were swallowed. (Source: dpa)

A story about every find

The former head doctor of a Bielefeld clinic specializing in gastroenterology can tell his own story about each of his curious finds: for example, about the five-mark piece that a teacher’s son accidentally swallowed while fighting with his older brother – and which the father immediately put in his own pocket after the doctor pulled it out of the stomach.

“I first had to give him a fiver from my own wallet before he gave me the coin for my collection,” says Miederer, who has written a book with the most interesting facts about the finds.

Battery “hidden” in the mouth

In it he also reports on the battery that a boy of elementary school age swallowed while racing in toy cars. He had secretly hidden the battery from his six-year-old competitor’s car in his mouth to improve his chances of winning – and accidentally swallowed it after a friendly nudge from his racing team colleague.

Most of the swallowed objects can be removed. (Source: dpa)

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When there is a risk of suffocation

Incidents like this do not always have a positive outcome. “It becomes problematic when round objects lie on the larynx. Then there is a risk of suffocation,” explains Miederer. In case of doubt, a doctor should therefore be consulted. However, some small objects find their way back to daylight on their own and do not need any support – except perhaps a good portion of mashed potatoes and a few glasses of water.

For amateur cooks and garden lovers, having your own herb garden is a great asset. With the right design ideas, it becomes a real feast for the eyes. These tips reveal what options you have.

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Different shapes for the herb bed

Of course, a herb garden can easily be created in a simple, level bed, but it looks much more interesting when you give the bed a special shape. It is possible, for example, to lay it out as a small hill and frame it with natural stones on the edges. Traditionally, herb gardens are also laid out in rectangular fields that are separated from one another by small box hedges. If there is perhaps a small arbor nearby, you can give your garden a really romantic effect. Another design idea is a step-shaped herb garden. Not only does it look good, it is also practical when caring for and harvesting the plants. (Grow your own herbs in the pot: It’s easy)

Unusual design ideas

You can also turn your herb garden into a visual highlight by framing the plants, for example, with an old wooden ladder laid flat on the floor or a wagon wheel. Simply place the herbs in groups in the space between the rungs or the spokes. Old, disused wagon wheels can be found, for example, at a neighboring farmer or at the flea market. (Salad herbs in the dressing refine every salad)

Scientists have long suspected that Mediterranean food with olive oil, fish and vegetables is good for the heart. Now Greek scientists have deciphered the protective factors in a meta-study. The Mediterranean diet has a positive effect on the metabolism and can prevent the so-called metabolic syndrome. This metabolic imbalance is considered to be a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases.

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Metabolic Syndrome: Four Fatal Risks

Metabolic syndrome describes a metabolic derangement in which a patient suffers from obesity, high blood lipid levels, diabetes and high blood pressure at the same time. For the investigation of the syndrome, the scientists from Harokopio University in Athens evaluated 50 studies with a total of half a million participants. They found out that a diet with olive oil and lots of fruits and vegetables prevents the metabolic syndrome. The individual above-mentioned factors of the syndrome are also positively influenced.

Lots of fish and vegetables, little red meat

The researchers include foods with a high proportion of monounsaturated fatty acids, for example olive oil, as well as fruits, vegetables, whole grains and dairy products with little fat as part of a Mediterranean diet. Fish and chicken as well as nuts and legumes should therefore be on the menu every week, but red meat hardly. Moderate consumption of alcohol, for example with meals, is also allowed in the Mediterranean diet. Study leader Demosthenes Panagiotakos emphasized that, to the best of his knowledge, this meta-analysis is the first study that systematically examines the positive effects of Mediterranean cuisine on the metabolic syndrome have. The so-called meta-analysis was published in the US journal “Journal of The American College of Cardiology”.

The Rhineland-Palatinate Progroup AG (Landau) is building a corrugated cardboard plant in Eisfeld in southern Thuringia. Investments of around 50 million euros are planned, said a company spokeswoman on Tuesday when asked. The plant, which is designed for an annual capacity of 140,000 tons of corrugated cardboard, should produce largely automated. 52 jobs and three training positions are planned. The fourth quarter of 2019 is targeted for the start of production in the new building on an 87,000 square meter property.

The company, which is headquartered in Landau, justified the investment decision with the ongoing market growth. With the new location in Eisfeld in the Hildburghausen district, the total capacity at Progroup will increase to 1.5 million tons. The Rhineland-Palatinate family company also operates two paper factories and currently ten corrugated cardboard factories. The group employs 1,100 people and generated annual sales of 804 million euros in 2017.

After a fatal accident while on the run from the police, the Munich I public prosecutor brought charges against a 35-year-old. According to information from Friday, she accuses him of, among other things, murder of a 14-year-old as well as attempted murder of a 16-year-old and three other road users.

The prosecution assumes that the man raced through the state capital on November 15 last year at 11:20 p.m. under the influence of cocaine and alcohol at around 120 km / h in oncoming traffic because he was actually not allowed to take drugs on probation – the police him but had discovered. At a bus stop, he ran into young people who were about to cross the street.

The 14-year-old student was reportedly thrown at least 43 meters. He suffered numerous fractures and a fatal injury to the main artery. The 16-year-old broke her leg. In addition, several cars had to evade during the entire journey.

Although the airbag triggered, the man initially drove on according to the information. He then continued to flee on foot until the police arrested him. The man resisted violently. He was initially in custody and has been serving his suspended suspended sentence since the beginning of May.

According to the public prosecutor’s office, the accused was aware that with his reckless driving style at significantly excessive speed in oncoming traffic, the vehicle he was driving could “kill an unpredictable number of people,” the authority said.

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